Peru has a complete list of 8 World Heritage sites, capturing the beauty with your eyes

UNESCO was established to protect human cultural and natural heritage. A total of 8 World Heritage sites in Peru are included. Where are they? Why are they listed as heritage? Let's explore these world-class attractions together!

Changchang Archaeological Area

Date of inclusion: 1986; also listed in the World Heritage endangered list; location: the Wachau region, covering an area of approximately 14.15 square kilometers. Nine castles were discovered in the central area, and the urban planning is orderly. Even after natural erosion and damage by later treasure hunters, the walls built of clay are still magnificent and desolate, and the exquisite reliefs tell the story of the once brilliant ancient civilization.

Archaeological Site of Chavin

Time of inclusion: 1985; Location: Huari Province, Ancash Region; Area: approximately 0.15 square kilometers. The Chavín de Huantar archaeological site was a place of worship in ancient times and is a well-known site that existed before the arrival of the Colombians. With just a glance at these 4-meter-high stone carvings, one can be struck by the vivid imagery of animal-human forms depicted on them.

City of Cuzco

Recording time: 1983, Location: Cusco, Core area: approximately 1.42 square kilometers, Buffer area: approximately 2.85 square kilometers. Under the rule of Inca king Pachacutec, the city of Cusco became the religious and political center of the Inca Empire and was known as the "jewel on the crown of the Andes" and the "cradle of ancient Inca culture".

Arequipa History Center

Collection time: 2000, location: Arequipa; core area: about 1.67 square kilometers, buffer area: about 1.65 square kilometers. Arequipa, or its more romantic name "White City", owes its fame to the volcanic rock called "sillar", which combines European architecture with local traditional architecture techniques and forms, making the entire city always shining with the vitality of spring.


Date of discovery: 1994, Location: Ica Region Area: approximately 753.58 square kilometers. On the vast and boundless Pampa de Jumana grasslands, there are huge lines engraved from 500 BC to 500 AD, some of which depict living animals, plants, and imaginary figures, as well as several kilometers long geometric shapes, with the number still increasing. Since its discovery, countless scholars have had different opinions on whether they are alien signals, sacrificial sites, or enormous astronomical books. No one can solve the mystery. These patterns are so enormous that you must take a small plane to appreciate them in their entirety from the air.

Inca Road Network

Recorded in 2014, located in Peru, Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Ecuador; the core area covers approximately 114.07 square kilometers, and the buffer zone covers around 6630.70 square kilometers. There is a particularly special section of the road network, which is a grass-woven suspension bridge called Q'eswachaka. It is the last suspension bridge originating from the Inca Empire and is nearly 37 meters long. For five centuries, locals have dismantled and rebuilt it every year. Due to its unique historical significance, UNESCO added the Q'eswachaka rope bridge to the "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity" in 2013.

Holy City of Karal-Suppe

Recorded in 2009, located in the Supe district of Barranca province in the Lima region. The core area covers approximately 6.26 square kilometers, while the buffer zone covers approximately 146.20 square kilometers. It is incredible that the builders of Caral were able to construct pyramids, sunken circular amphitheaters, earthquake-resistant buildings, and underground ventilation ducts that kept the internal flames burning, all with just basic tools. It's nothing short of a miracle.

Vaskaran National Park

Recorded in 1985, located in the Vasca Ranges, with an area of about 3,400 square kilometers. In the deep canyon, rushing streams originating from high mountain glaciers flow down the steep cliffs. The glacier lakes are numerous and crystal clear. Its total water storage capacity is in the millions of cubic meters. The mountains are covered with high-altitude tundra, subalpine sparse wet grassland, etc. Rare mammals such as the spectacled bear and alpaca live inside the park, as well as Andean condors and giant hummingbirds.