Visiting Gui Defu City - Ancient Capital Shangqiu (Part 2)

Also known as the Gui De Fu City, it was built during the Ming Zhengde period and is located in Suiyang District, Shangqiu City. Its city walls, moat, and inner city are well-preserved, making it a rare ancient city in the country. The brick city is rectangular, 1200 meters long from north to south, and 1000 meters long from east to west. There are currently four arch gates and seven horse-faced bridges, as well as four walls, but unfortunately the original four urn cities were not preserved.

Arch of Triumph

The south gate is also known as Gongyang Gate. Standing on the city tower, you can enjoy the shimmering lake of Nanhu and have a distant view of Zhangxun Shrine, Baguanzhai, and Yingtian Academy.

Nanhu Scenic Area

Nanhu, with 3000 acres, embraces the ancient city of Shangqiu. The lake and the ancient city complement each other, creating a magnificent view.
Zhangxun Temple is located outside the south gate of Shangqiu Ancient City, built to commemorate Zhang Xun, Xu Yuan and others who sacrificed their lives to defend Suiyang during the "Anshi Rebellion". The park also has the tomb of Zhang Xun, who sacrificed himself for the country during the "Anshi Rebellion" in the Tang Dynasty.
Bagua Zhai is located on the south side of Zhang Xun Temple, a courtyard with ancient garden features, including a main hall and an octagonal pavilion. The main attraction in the scenic area is an octagonal stone stele engraved with the authentic calligraphy of Yan Zhenqing, titled "Tang-Song Autumn Gathering in Bagua Zhai."
Yingtian Academy, located 600 meters east of Bafu Ge, on the southern lake of the ancient city of Shangqiu, is one of the four major ancient academies in China, with the greatest influence during the Northern Song Dynasty. The current scenic area is a modern replica of ancient architecture built on the site, with several large hall buildings standing inside the courtyard walls, and only a few text exhibition boards in the main hall.

Suixianling Scenic Area

On the west side of Shang Zu Temple is the Tomb of Suiren, also known as Suiren Tomb. Among the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors, Suiren is listed as the first of the Three Sovereigns. He invented the method of drilling wood to create fire, opening a new era of human civilization. The tomb covers an area of about 440 mu, with a burial site area of about 40,000 square meters.