Harbin's century-old church is worth visiting

Every city has its own unique tone and atmosphere. In the century-old buildings of Harbin, a city with a rich history, there is both the hustle and bustle of the streets and the most authentic way of life. Over the years, the once magnificent old church in Harbin has become a part of modern life for the people of Harbin. Let's travel together with the editor below~

The Church of the Holy Mother of God in Dongzheng

The church was built in 1902 and has a history of over a hundred years. It used to be a place of prayer and an Orthodox cemetery church. It is currently the only church in Harbin that has restored Orthodox activities. The church was redesigned in 1930 by the renowned Russian architect Yevgeny Yevgenevich Rytyanov in the artistic style of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey. Based on a wooden structure, the church was rebuilt with bricks in pure Byzantine architecture. It is now located on the south side of Dongda Street in Nangang District, Harbin, Heilongjiang Province (No. 268 Dongda Street).

The Hagia Sophia Church

Founded in March 1907, initially as a military church, it is now the largest Eastern Orthodox Church in Harbin and the Far East region, as well as the Harbin Architectural Art Museum. The second reconstruction took place in September 1923, lasting for 9 years. This building was completed in 1932 by Russian architect Krasikov, with influences from Byzantine architectural art. It features traditional Russian "onion dome" roofs, Romanesque high arched windows, and various combinations of architectural styles. The entire building is made of red brick, with a Greek-Eastern Latin cross layout.

Dao Wai Mosque

Originally known as Harbin Mosque, also known as Binjiang Mosque, it is currently the largest Islamic mosque in Northeast China. It was designed by the Klabri siblings. In 1897, there were only five thatched houses, and later a church was built. This church is the largest Arabic-style building in Heilongjiang Province and the main venue for Muslim religious activities in Harbin. It is a gathering place for Muslims in Harbin. The roof and windows of the mosque are designed in the shape of Arabic domes and hemispheres. On the front side of the roof, there are thirty green domes. The tower and the top of the tower in the Moon Viewing Tower have crescent and green patterns on the white background, with golden decorations. Now, it is located in the Nanshidaoji Street, Daowai District, Harbin.

Hulan Catholic Church

It was founded in 1908 and was constructed under the supervision of French priest Daigengda. It was occupied by the Soviet Red Army in 1945 and later used by Hulan College after 1956. After restoration, it became the largest Catholic church in Heilongjiang Province. The main building is a twin-tower French-style church, in the Gothic style, and it is referred to as the "Oriental Notre-Dame Cathedral of Paris" due to its resemblance to the Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris. The Catholic church consists of a church and associated buildings. The interior of the church is very spacious, with two rows of high pillars, making the restored church appear even taller.
Built in 1901, rented to the Harbin branch of China Hardware Machinery Company's People's Armed Department for a period of time, restored in 2001, now the only Tatar mosque in northern China. It was designed by the famous Russian architect R. Danilov, blending Byzantine and Arabic styles. The mosque is five stories high with a green dome and red and white walls.

St. Iver Church

Formerly a military church of the Eastern Orthodox Church, according to the memories of the older generation, it was once a music school and also housed a clothing factory. It is currently under construction on the north square of the Harbin Station and will become part of the north square building complex. The original seven spires have been demolished, it is a combination of architectural styles, with brick and wooden structures, and the exterior walls still feature exquisite murals. In front of the church is an orphanage, which contains famous mosaic murals and vibrant colors.